A puncture can happen at any time and place, but if you know how to change a tyre there's no problem.

Just follow this step-by-step dos-and-don'ts guide for the foolproof approach.

Dos

Make Sure You Have These:

  • Your vehicle's manual

  • Gloves

  • Hi-viz tabard or jacket with reflective material

  • Strong footwear

  • Sharp knife

  • Torch (check batteries)

  • Jack

  • Wheel wrench with locking bar and an adapter if fitted

  • At least one wheel chock

  • Comfortable mat to kneel on

Raising Your Vehicle:

1. Ensure you have read the vehicle's handbook.

2. Plan ahead to avoid working longer than needed.

3. Switch the engine off, switch hazard lights on.

4. Apply the handbrake, go into 1st gear or P.

5. Place the chock diagonally opposite to the wheel you are changing.

6. Take the spare wheel from the boot well or the carrier.

7. Put the spare in a convenient place.

8. If there is a wheel trim remove it, either cutting cable ties or using a lever.

9. Put the jack in the lifting point closest to the damaged wheel.

10. Ensure the jack is engaged correctly, then crank it until the vehicle just starts to rise on its springs. Stop there.

11. Slacken off the wheel nuts, using the wheel wrench and an adapter if fitted. This

procedure will be covered in your handbook.

12. Keep your weight balanced evenly on both feet and keep your back as straight as you can. Apply force downwards steadily until the nut gives.

 

How to Lift Your Vehicle:

1. Extend the jack until the wheel is just above the ground.

2. Hold the wheel in position with a knee or foot and loosen the nuts.

3. Remove the top nut last as this will enable you to take the wheel in both hands before taking it off the wheel hub.

Fitting the Spare Wheel

1. Loosely fit the top nut to keep the wheel steady.

2. Tighten the others by hand in stages and then in a diagonal order.

3. Gently lower the jack until the wheel is grounded and will not turn.

4. Tighten the nuts completely with the wrench in a diagonal sequence.

5. Put the old wheel in the carrier or boot well. 

Take your vehicle to a garage and have the tyres and wheel nuts checked. Don't forget to replace the damaged wheel!

 

Don'ts

  • Never change your wheel on the hard shoulder.

  • Never work on the roadside.

  • Never work under a raised jack.

  • Never work with passengers in the vehicle.

  • Never work on unsure or loose ground.

  • Never attach the jack except at the jack points indicated in your manual.

  • Never oil the wheel nuts when fitting the new wheel. It may make them work loose.